Crop Name: cabbage
Scientific Name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Family Name: Brassicaceae
Cultivar Groups: cabbage, kale, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower
Warm season or cool season: cool season
Space between plants/between rows: 12” to 18” between plants, 18” to 36” between rows
- Maintain soil pH between 6.5 to 6.8
- High level of calcium will help minimize tip burn. High organic matter.
- Depends on environment. Water more than twice a week during warm season, less than twice a week in winter because of clay soil.
Number of days from seed to transplant and/or seed to harvest:
- 4 to 6 weeks from seeds to transplant, and 4 to 7 weeks to harvest.
- Transplant. Transplant when seedlings are 4 to 6 weeks old
Potential Pests: Cabbage Worms, aphids, cutworms, other worms.
Insect Pests Controls: Cultural control, biocontrol,IPM
Plant Pathogens: Fusarium, club root which caused by fungal diseases.
Black rot, a bacterial disease enters plant through injured leaves.
HARVEST & STORAGE INFORMATION:
When Ready to Harvest: Harvest as soon as the head reaches full size. If delayed, they will become more susceptible to disease and splitting.
How to Harvest: Remove the head by cutting tool. Move to shade after harvest as soon as possible.
Optimal Time of Day to Harvest: Cool temperatures
Best Method to Cool Crop: Room cooling, Hydrocooling.
Optimal Storage Temperature and Relative Humidity: 32F, 95%RH
Possible Storage Life: 2 to 3 months
Common Post-Harvest Losses/Problems: Exposed to ethylene will cause yellowing, discolor/turn brown on damaged midribs. Decay.
Average Yields: 30,000lb/acre
Farm to YouNH Crop Data:
|Year||Crop||Variety||Date Planted||Date Harvested||Days to Harvest||Total Yield (lbs)||Yield (lbs/sq. ft)|