Crop Name: cabbage

Scientific Name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata

Family Name: Brassicaceae

Cultivar Groups: cabbage, kale, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower

Warm season or cool season:  cool season


Space between plants/between rows: 12” to 18” between plants, 18” to 36” between rows

Fertility Requirements:

  • Maintain soil pH between 6.5 to 6.8
  • High level of calcium will help minimize tip burn. High organic matter.

Watering Needs:

  • Depends on environment. Water more than twice a week during warm season, less than twice a week in winter because of clay soil.

Number of days from seed to transplant and/or seed to harvest:

  • 4 to 6 weeks from seeds to transplant, and 4 to 7 weeks to harvest.

Planting Instructions:

  • Transplant. Transplant when seedlings are 4 to 6 weeks old


Potential Pests: Cabbage Worms, aphids, cutworms, other worms.

Insect Pests Controls: Cultural control, biocontrol,IPM

Plant Pathogens: Fusarium, club root which caused by fungal diseases.

Black rot, a bacterial disease enters plant through injured leaves.


When Ready to Harvest: Harvest as soon as the head reaches full size. If delayed, they will become more susceptible to disease and splitting.

How to Harvest: Remove the head by cutting tool. Move to shade after harvest as soon as possible.

Optimal Time of Day to Harvest: Cool temperatures

Best Method to Cool Crop: Room cooling, Hydrocooling.

Optimal Storage Temperature and Relative Humidity:  32F, 95%RH

Possible Storage Life: 2 to 3 months

Common Post-Harvest Losses/Problems:  Exposed to ethylene will cause yellowing, discolor/turn brown on damaged midribs. Decay.

Average Yields: 30,000lb/acre

Farm to YouNH Crop Data:

Year Crop Variety Date Planted Date Harvested Days to Harvest Total Yield (lbs) Yield (lbs/sq. ft)
2017 Cabbage Assorted 4/5/2017 N/A N/A N/A N/A

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