Crop Name: Chives
Scientific Name: Allium fistulosum
Family Name: Allium
Cultivar Groups: bulbing onion, shallot, bunching onion
Warm season or cool season: Cool season
Space between plants/between rows: 2” to 3” between plants, 4” between rows
Fertility Requirements: Maintain soil pH between 6.5 to 6.8
Less N fertilizer will be needed if manure or legume sod was used.
Watering Needs: Depends on environment. Evenly moist, water when topsoil is dry.
Number of days from seed to transplant and/or seed to harvest: 10 to 12 weeks to transplant, and 10 to 12 weeks to harvest.
- Direct seed.
Potential Pests: Cutworms, onion thrips
Insect Pests Controls: cultural control, biocontrol
Plant Pathogens: White rot, botrytis, leaf blight, downy mildew, purple blotch
HARVEST & STORAGE INFORMATION:
When Ready to Harvest: Can be harvest any time when reach pencil-size. Maintain at 39 degree Fahrenheit within 4 to 6 hours of harvest.
How to Harvest: Pull out carefully by hand or cut near the base with a cutting tool.
Optimal Time of Day to Harvest: In the morning or evening with cool temperatures.
Best Method to Cool Crop: Room cooling, hydrocooling.
Optimal Storage Temperature and Relative Humidity: 32F, 98%RH
Possible Storage Life: Can be stored 7 to 10 days at 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Common Post-Harvest Losses/Problems: Rot, molding from washing water. Wilt and decay if they aren’t cool to 32F after harvest.
Average Yields: Good average yield – 18,000 lb per acre
Farm to YouNH Crop Data:
|Year||Crop||Variety||Date Planted||Date Harvested||Days to Harvest||Total Yield (lbs)||Yield (lbs/sq. ft)|